The British were the pioneers in the adaptation of carrier aviation to the jet era with the invention of the angle deck, steam catapults and the optical (mirror) landing system. They couldn’t capitalize those advantages though due to serious lack of funds and vague operational policy. The inadequacy of the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) aerial assets didn’t helped either: the Sea Vixen entered service at beginning of 1960 after more than ten years of development. The US.Navy by then was introducing the redoubtable Mach 2 Phantom II into service.
The Senior Service didn’t even have a specific air-refuelling platform so it had to do with their own fighters. Not bad for a beggar; de Havilland trademark’s twin boom shape never looked better.